Moldings in the interior – the architectural tradition, known since the days of ancient Greece and Rome. Fine stucco ornaments few who are left untouched, so as a few thousand years ago, today more and more artists drawn to this ancient way of finishing.
A variety of molding
Stucco – an essential feature Rococo and Classicism, Empire and Baroque. A variety of molded shapes can be used not only in the molding of classic, but also in modern minimalist interiors. Thanks to the harmony achieved in the stucco building space. For example, the irregular shape of the room is leveled by an asymmetrically placed stucco. Applying stucco moldings – wall borders – it is possible to divide the surface of the wall in some areas and thus “correct” proportions of the room. A hidden lighting rods to create the effect of “floating ceiling”.
Moldings are often used by designers as architectural elements that conceal pipes or chimneys that pass in an awkward spot. Often decorated with stucco elements of false and electric fireplaces, fireplace portals namely, shelves, chimneys. Ornament stucco, repeated on the walls, ceilings, doors and furniture, can achieve stylistic unity of the interior. Moldings in the interior gives the room a respectable appearance, creates an atmosphere of comfort and gentility.
It offers a great selection of contemporary designers molded parts: ceiling rosettes, friezes, cornices, pedestals, niches, as well as items to decorate furniture, doorways and doors themselves. Attention is drawn to stucco, which has a considerable height of the terrain: half-columns, pilasters, brackets. All these elements of the interior are very effective.
Thus, the stucco moldings (borders, wall) are the most different applications: art decorating the walls, ceiling and mirrors, or as panels. Molded cornices, not only make out the perimeter of the ceiling and hide possible irregularities in the junction of walls and ceiling. Ceiling outlet, usually at the core of the composition and the ceiling is most often framed chandeliers. Ceiling rosettes may be round, square, polygonal, rectangular, with a diameter of 15 cm to 1 m. At the stucco moldings and matched moldings they attach to the ceiling a finished look.
It offers a great selection of contemporary designers molded parts: ceiling rosettes, friezes, cornices, pedestals, niches, as well as items to decorate furniture, doorways and doors themselves.
Completely transform the space, create the illusion of infinity ceiling stucco dome. Effectively draw bar, bookshelves, the space inside the niche, you can use the arched elements. And the overhead panel moldings on the doors give the room a solemn look.
Another element of the stucco decoration – the niche – are mounted on the wall, they selected a frame, and get something like a small scene in the center of which is set any decorative object. Such niches to decorate the beautiful lights. Sculptures or vases, candlesticks and even the usual pot of flowers will look festive on stucco pedestal.
Using all of these details allows you to feel the splendor of every style – from classical to minimalist. In addition, a unique opportunity to share the space of a room into separate functional areas, to smooth and refine excessive “squareness” of modern architecture. True, it is not recommended to get involved with stucco ornaments in the small rooms and small apartments, where the massive moldings can lead to visual reduction of the apartment.
Plaster moldings most familiar and popular in the finish, although for the manufacture of high-quality moldings are used, and polystyrene, and polyurethane. Plaster for centuries been the traditional material for stucco. It is obtained from natural gypsum raw materials: gypsum baked at high temperatures, and then milled to the consistency of flour. By itself, this material is inexpensive, but because of very time consuming and messy plaster molding technology costs can result in a significant amount, given the work of skilled masters.
Among the disadvantages of plaster moldings should also note the limited range of application (gypsum – hard and brittle material, which may eventually crumble and flake off.) For example, it is not recommended to install plaster moldings in wet areas, except in cases where the bathroom is spacious enough and equipped with high-quality ventilation system. For this reason, stucco plaster elements require careful and solicitous care if plaster moldings covered with plastic sheeting, it can be washed, otherwise we recommend dry cleaning. However, gypsum has obvious advantages, otherwise it would not use for millennia. The most important advantage can be considered possible to manufacture gypsum stucco custom-made with all the customer’s wishes.
Stucco foam (so simply is popularly known as expanded polystyrene) is one of the cheapest ways to decorate the interiors. From the usual polystyrene foam has a more fine-grained (though there are companies that produce perfectly aligned linear products – moldings, cornices, baseboards – no distinct granules). Stucco foam has the qualities completely absent in plaster moldings – ease and flexibility. In addition to its installation can handle anyone, if he ever had in his hands a tube of glue.
There are, of course, disadvantages: polystyrene foam is electrified and collects dust, drawing products lacked clarity, their joints must prokleivat. Nor should we decorate with stucco styrofoam bottom of the wall, because of the insufficient strength and stiffness it can be easily damaged.
The material is much superior to the usual strength of polystyrene foam, produced a Belgian company Orac nv and Italian Bovelacci. This so-called dyuropolimer from which to make a lengthy finishing details, the stiffness comparable to wood. However, the most important advantage of the new material – can be assembled with glue, heated in Melt. Polymerization of the adhesive occurs during the cooling air that is virtually instantaneous. This high-tech installation stucco decoration allows large areas, so is preferred for finishing and representative offices of large companies.
Head advertising company “Empire-Decor”
It is important to remember that different manufacturers can moldings fundamentally differ in quality, and all material weaknesses may manifest themselves later. For example, Orac n.v. manufactures polyurethane moldings for a more expensive but environmentally friendly technology without fluorinated components. This fact must be indicated by the manufacturer in the product specification. To date, most of the factories of the eastern region continues to reproduce European counterparts less expensive way, significantly reducing the environmental characteristics of the material.
Head of “Plaster decoration” Company “Sauternes”
Production of polyurethane moldings – a high-tech and automated process, requiring constant monitoring and exposure of all process parameters. They are made of special metal forms, which is filled with a mixture of polyurethane components. In the process of casting the product is put on the primer film base, which at high temperature and high pressure actually is soldered to the product. Primer on Gaudi Decor products distinguished by a special white and protecting the improved properties.
Polyurethane moldings – light, tough and durable. It favorably differs from other types of molding: heavy and crumbling plaster and soft, short-lived polystyrene. Polyurethane was developed in the 1930s in Russia and is currently used in various fields of production, including construction. Lightness of the material makes it easy to mount the product with any adhesive for bonding wood, but only on flat, dry surface. The surface of the polyurethane moldings can apply a prime coating and then painted the water-soluble, oil or acrylic paint.
Another positive thing – no foam is hygroscopic and is resistant to temperature fluctuations. Polyurethane moldings can not just wash without any damage to it, but also draw its premises with high humidity such as bathrooms or swimming pools. Polyurethane is used for the exterior. It is fairly hard and durable, the texture is like a tree and also environmentally friendly, but, unlike wood, over time, will not crack or distort.
High-tech manufacturing allows for precise elevation and precise dimensions, eliminating the adjustment of parts during assembly and ensures sharp relief, even after repeated staining. The range of polyurethane moldings quite diverse, cornices, moldings, domes, garlands, wall decor, ceiling rosettes, columns, pilasters, piers. In short, polyurethane moldings – a better alternative to plaster or stucco stucco foam. Ultimately, the consumer saves time and, oddly enough – money, despite the fact that the decor of the polyurethane is not cheap.
Installation stucco elements
- Prior to the installation of stucco elements it is desirable to keep the premises where the work will be carried out, at least 3 hours to restore moisture balance between the walls and decorative elements.
- Mount the stucco to dry lined walls.
- To mount, use any glue for gluing wood surfaces. To do this, apply it evenly on the product and the wall or ceiling, if necessary, align the image and push each other. Check the uniformity of the mounting, especially on the edges.
- To make the corners carefully, measure and define the inner (close to the wall) side of the seat cut.
- Stitches in the corners, handle with silicone adhesive. This will make the design resistant to shrinkage of the walls (especially important for new homes). After curing the adhesive (not less than 3 hours) to remove his remains. Joints and fractures, as well as the location of drilling for screws and the gap between the eaves and the wall should be putty.
In St. Petersburg there are some large companies are offering consumers high-quality polyurethane moldings and sophisticated – a collection of decor, different patterns, quality and price. One of the most renowned – “Empire-Decor”, representing the Russian market the products of Belgian producer Orac nv Unique technology that combines time-tested techniques of casting polyurethane obesftorennogo ‘brand’ achievements, ensure high quality molding that brand. Design and wide range of Orac Decor Collection in no way inferior counterparts of the traditional wood or plaster. And their technical specifications in many respects superior to them.
Due to the vastness of the collection, and favorable price / performance ratio has become known brand products Gaudi Decor (Malaysia). Purchase these products can be in the St. Petersburg firm “Sauternes”. In the collection there are moldings, cornices, rosettes with a similar pattern. Individual elements are not made of polyurethane and reinforced fiberglass with a special application of the primer, which allows to use these products for the exterior of buildings, even without additional treatment. This column, large niches, decorative panels and fountains.
Decorative elements of polyurethane foam offers the St. Petersburg company “Bear”. During their manufacture using the latest technology and high-density polyurethane, which does not crack or deform over time, does not emit odors and does not form dust. Stucco supplies in many construction shops in the city and one of the largest companies – “Avec”.
Thus, modeling – one of the most promising materials for interior decoration – has now become affordable and Technology attachment. Decorate your home with stucco cornices and columns, ceiling panels and outlets can be a reasonable price and within a reasonable time, using stucco elements of modern and environmentally friendly material – polyurethane. A variety of collections allows to design the interior of any style – from classic to hi-tech. It does not require any special skills, it is important to only combine the taste and imagination.